Category: Travel

The Wars of the Roses and the Battle of Bosworth Field

 

Wars of the Roses  pic
Wars of the Roses
Image: thoughtco.com

A spine surgeon, Paul McDonough, MD, has served on the clinical team at Orthopedic Associates of Abilene since 2001. Dr. Paul McDonough enjoys reading historical nonfiction and is particularly fond of British historical events, such as the Battle of Bosworth Field and the Wars of the Roses.

The Battle of Bosworth Field took place in August of 1485. It was the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, in which the houses of Lancaster and York competed for the crown.

The house of York, symbolized by the white rose, occupied the throne in the person of King Richard III. He took the throne following the death of his young nephew, Edward V, who was murdered alongside his brother Richard in the Tower of London. The blame for the boys’ deaths fell on Richard III, largely because of the deaths of so many others who had claimed the throne.

The house of Lancaster, meanwhile, had been forcibly attempting to regain the throne since the deposition of Henry VI in 1461. These efforts became known as the Wars of the Roses and significantly reduced the number of nobles in England.

The wars ended at Bosworth Field, where Richard III had brought his forces after hearing of the landing of the aspiring king, Henry Tudor, in South Wales. Henry had sailed from France and marched through Wales gathering supporters, while his stepfather Thomas, Lord Stanley, amassed a private army of 6,000.

Stanley stood aside as his army took on Richard III’s army, which numbered 10,000. The advantage shifted from one side to the other until Richard decided to take on Lord Stanley himself.

Stanley ultimately overwhelmed Richard in the one-on-one battle. A bystander removed the crown from the deceased king’s head and brought it to Henry Tudor, who was standing nearby. With this coronation, he became King Henry VII, and the rule of the Tudors began.

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A Look Inside the History of Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle pic
Edinburgh Castle
Image: edinburghcastle.co.uk

Paul W McDonough, MD completed his spine surgery fellowship at the University of Wisconsin in 2001. As a spine surgeon at Orthopedic Associates of Abilene, Dr. Paul McDonough performs surgery of the thoracic, lumbar, and cervical spine. Previously, Paul McDonough, MD lived in Scotland, where he served as a missionary for two years. He enjoys bringing his family there to visit old friends and of course to golf.

One of Dr. McDonough’s hobbies is reading and studying British history. He lived in Edinburgh for a while and found the following information to be interesting. Edinburgh Castle in Scotland has witnessed many defining moments. Royalty has lived and died in the walls of the castle; Sieges were fought among the mighty stronghold. The oldest building of the castle stands on the site. St. Margaret’s Chapel, built by David I around the year 1130 as a tribute to his mother.

Edinburgh Castle has been besieged over and above other castles in the UK. The English and Scots struggled over maintaining control of the castle while the Wars of Independence took place. In 1314, there was a daring night raid set in place to try and reclaim the castle from the English, which was started by Thomas Randolph.

Edinburgh Castle has been labeled a national icon over a 200-year time span. Currently, the castle is the leading tourist attraction in Scotland.

Visiting Scotland

Scotland pic
Scotland
Image: visitourscotland.co.uk

UCLA School of Medicine Alumni Paul McDonough, MD is a spine surgeon in Abilene, Texas. Prior to his work in Abilene, Dr. Paul McDonough worked as a missionary in Scotland for two years. Dr. McDonough enjoys going on trips with his family, and especially enjoyed the chance to take them to Scotland and show them sights that were familiar to him. Even for those who have never been to Scotland before, there are many sights and adventures, which make it a unique and rewarding vacation spot.

Scotland has a variety of outdoor activities, ranging from cycling to hiking to golf. For active visitors, a bike tour may be the best way to see and experience the Scottish countryside. The mild climate coupled with a large offering of cycle-friendly accommodations make it relatively easy to bring or rent a bike and cycle the trails and roads, many of which are family friendly.

For those who don’t wish to bike, but still want to actively explore the country, hiking is another alternative. Scotland’s Great Trails are a network of trails, which combined form more than 1,700 miles worth of walking! Each trail in the network is at least 25 miles long, and can range up to 200 miles long. Of course, casual hikers do not need to be discouraged, as there are also sections of trail that are perfect for a day’s hike. All paths are well-maintained and managed to ensure each hiker’s safety.

In addition to Scotland’s beautiful countryside, the city of Edinburgh is particularly interesting. Edinburgh is considered the biggest tourist stop in Scotland, and with good reason. The city and surrounding area offer a mix of old and new attractions, from castles to museums and historical sites.

No matter how a visitor chooses to tour Scotland, and there are a wide range of options. Visitors will find Scotland to be an out of the ordinary, fascinating vacation.

Abilene State Park – A Wildlife-Rich Community Asset

 

Abilene State Park pic
Abilene State Park
Image: tpwd.texas.gov

Paul W. McDonough, MD, is a respected Abilene, Texas, spine surgeon who treats patients with conditions such as arthritis and spinal slippage and curvature. A longtime resident of West Texas, Dr. Paul W. McDonough has embraced the regional culture and maintains an active interest in wildlife management and the great outdoors.

One of the most popular scenic destinations in the local area is Abilene State Park, which comprises more than 500 acres of land in Taylor County and was acquired by the state in 1933, at the height of the Great Depression. A Civilian Conservation Corps project, work on the park was completed in 1934.

A semi-arid environment characterized by brushland, short-grass prairie, and riparian woods, the park encompasses camping and trails as well as a historic swimming pool and a fishing pond. The Buffalo Wallow Pond can be fished without permit and is stocked with crappie, bass, perch, and catfish. Wildlife in the park ranges from cottontail rabbits and armadillos to the ubiquitous white-tailed deer.